The origin of the name "Cardoux"
Cardou'x origins date back to Richard the Lionheart, who was Duke of Aquitaine before axcending to the English throne;
He spent the majority of his life there, trying to ensure the sustainability of the Plantagenets mainland.
The etymology of the word "ardoux" would also come from the word "carder", derived from "thistle".
In fact, the shepherds of yesteryear, before using the carding comb, rubbed the fleeces with bouquets of thistles in order to obtain a more supple and clean wool.
A NOBLE LAIR
Testament of Hélie de Beaudet 1569-1573 - married to Marguerite de Saint-Ours. This document is drawn up by Cyprien Gauffier, "attorney and practitioner in the ordinary court of La Linde".
He bequeaths the land and the castle of Cardoux.
The Château was a den that sheltered supporters of the sling.
This "noble hideout" was probably a protection associated with the nearby Bannes and Badefols sur Dordogne castles.
A DYNASTY OF MASTERS OF FORGES
Before 1734 and their arrival in Cardoux, we find the Saint-Exupéry Masters of forges at Fleurac, Rouffignac, Plazac in Dordogne. The writing of the name could vary: St-Supéry or Saint-Exupéry. Here, in a case of production and delivery to Bordeaux of cannons and cannonballs from the Forge Neuve, where we expected water ...
La forge Neuve in Mauzens and Miremont is one of the old forges of the Saint-Exupery family,
on the Seigneurery of Rouffignac
Château de Fleurac in the Dordogne
Former Seigneurery of Rouffignac
A HOUSE PASSED ON BY MARRIAGE IN 1734
Detail of the courtyard well
Joseph de Beaudet, lord of Cardoux, married before 1714 Catherine de Montalembert who gived birth to a daughter, Suzanne de Beaudet (around 1718-1774)
Monumenal Cedar planted in 1735/1740 just before introduction in France by Jussieu
A KNIGHT OF MALTA, DEATH IN THE BATTLE OF THE NILE
To the next generation, Marc-Antoine de Saint-Exupéry born in 1775, became Knight of the minority of Malta, but was released from his wishes because of the events of the Revolution.
The destruction of the "Orient"
during the Battle of the Nile
George Arnald, 1827, National Maritime Museum
... he then became an officer in the French navy and tragically died on board the flagship Orient (118 guns, 1st rank ship), during the naval battle of Aboukir on August 1st, 1798 (also called the battle of the Nile).
Disappeared during this terrible battle, waged by Napoleon Bonaparte against the English, Marc-Antoine was wrongly considered as an emigrant.
A procedure was initiated to restore his honor and memory, in order to avoid the confiscation of his property for the benefit of national property, when he had already given his life for France.
CHAPELLE DE L'IMMACULEE CONCEPTION
« Posuerunt me custodem »
"They made me keeper of their house"
Construction of the chapel began in 1852, on the fondations of an older chapel. It is the work of the architect Vauthier, to whom we also owe the church of Lalinde. On May 28th, 1856, it was the first private chapel in the Dordogne to be dedicated to the Immaculate Conception (1854).
The Bell was melted by the house of Ernest Bollée in 1855. It is baptized under the name of : "Mary conceived without sin".
Father Marie-Jacques-Maxime de Saint-Exupéry (1813/1879) was Vicar General of Perigueux.
Portrait (Private Collection) - Extract from his bibliographic notice :
"Perigord, which is so rich in large families, hardly has any older that that of Saint-Exupéry. We already find its trace in original titles from the 11th century. However, is was only around year 1400 that its filiation is established in a continuous and regular way in the genealogical tables...